Just like in English, text messages contain a lot of abbreviations in Spanish which can turn a simple message into a garbled stream of consonants. Here are some of the most frequent abbreviations.

d = de                        dnd = donde

q  = k = que

cm = km = como

x = por                       xa = para

xq = porque               xo = pero

toy / tamos = estoy / estamos

finde = weekend       tb = también

c = sé                         nc = no sé

jajaja = (risa!)            bs = besos

salu2 = saludos         100pre = siempre

porfa = por favor      msj = mensaje

d+ = demás (= great, excellent)

d- = demenos (= terrible, rubbish)

In text messages, people often leave out the silent h, so that ahora becomes aora, hasta becomes asta etc. Also, qu is sometimes replaced by k, so that aquí becomes aki, quien  becomes kien etc.

Can you decipher this message? Translate it first into proper Spanish, then into English.

dnd tas? t spro aki xa ir al cine, nc a k ora es la peli xo m dijeron k sta d+. bs.

Any questions? If you’re not sure about the content of today’s class or have something to add, leave us a comment below and we’ll get back to you. Your questions and comments will help other students too. Our Spanish immersion programs at La Herradura in Uruguay and Spain teach you an international form of Spanish, but the teachers are all native speakers and will offer guidance on local expressions and words.

Coming up next… Class 14: Hitchhiking | Ir a dedo

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